Catapults : The Earliest Use



Earliest uses of catapults were attributed to Ajatashatru of Magadha in his war against the Licchavis. Ajatshatru is recorded in Jaina texts as having used catapults in his campaign against the Licchavis. (484–468 BCE)

The early  catapults in ancient China date to the 4th century BC with the advent of the mangonel, a type of traction trebuchet and catapult.

Greek catapults were invented in the early 4th century BC, being attested by Diodorus Siculus as part of the equipment of a Greek army in 399 BC, and subsequently used at the siege of Motya in 397 BC.

CATAPULTS

 

A catapult is a ballistic device used to launch a projectile a great distance without the aid of gunpowder or other propellants – particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines.  A catapult uses the sudden release of stored potential energy to propel its payload. Most convert tension or torsion energy that was more slowly and manually built up within the device before release, via springs, bows, twisted rope, elastic, or any of numerous other materials and mechanisms. The counterweight trebuchet is a type of catapult that uses gravity.

In use since ancient times, the catapult has proven to be one of the most persistently effective mechanisms in warfare. In modern times the term can apply to devices ranging from a simple hand-held implement (also called a "slingshot") to a mechanism for launching aircraft from a ship.

 Reference:

https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Catapult

https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Military_history_of_India

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