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Four Types of Non-Devotees.

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Bhagvad Gita verse 7/15 describes four types of people who are unable to surrender to God. नमांदुष्कृतिनोमूढाःप्रपद्यन्तेनराधमाः।माययापहृतज्ञानाआसुरंभावमाश्रिताः॥na māṅ duṣkṛtinō mūḍhāḥ prapadyantē narādhamāḥ.māyayāpahṛtajñānā āsuraṅ bhāvamāśritāḥ৷৷7.15৷৷
Bg 7.15— Those miscreants who are grossly foolish, who are lowest among mankind, whose knowledge is stolen by illusion, and who partake of the atheistic nature of demons do not surrender unto Me.

Anjaneyadri : Birthplace of Lord Hanuman

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The Anjaneyadri hill in Hampi lies in the centre of  Anegondi area, Karnataka state, India. It is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Hanuman. Hanuman was born to Anjana and thus Hanuman was also called as Anjaneya, and his birthplace Anjaneyadri (Anjana's Hill).
Located at a distance of just 5 km from Hampi’s historical site, devotees of Hanuman consider this place as sacred. The hill has a white washed Hanuman temple at the top. It has about 575 steps. The entire white-washed structure of the Hanuman temple has a roof with a pyramid structure and a small red dome atop. Visitors can see the red flags fluttering in the air from a distance. 
The idol of Lord Hanuman has been carved out of a rock. Apart from Lord Hanuman’s temple, the place also has a small shrine of Lord Rama and his wife Sita.
The view from the top is breathtaking as you see patches of paddy fields and the Hampi city ruins around.

And this is how it looks from top of the hill. The river is Thungabhadra.

Rāma of Ancient Xinjiang, China.

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The Story of Rāma in Ancient Xinjiang, China.
Ancient Khotan or modern Hotan is a major oasis town in southwestern Xinjiang,Khotanese kings were Mahāyāna Buddhist but this sect incorporates Vedic and Tantric systems, with all the devas such as Indra, Śiva, Viṣṇu and Sarasvatī, and just places the Buddha at the head of the system . There was also Krishna worship in Khotan and we find the Rāma story in Khotanese language, of which there is also a Tibetan version.The Buddhists put a spin on the Rāma story,  that has had immense power on the imagination of the people all over Asia. The Khotanese Rāmāyaṇa is not the standard Rāma story. In it Daśaratha, who is called Sahasrabāhu (“thousand-armed”), fights with Paraśurāma and gets killed, and his sons Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa are saved by a queen. When they grow older they slay Paraśurāma in revenge and become masters of all Jambudvīpa.Meanwhile, the Rākṣasas are ruled by Rāvaṇa (Daśagrīva).  A daughter is born to his chief queen and it is prophesi…

Indian Science Seen Through Archaeology

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Archaeological findings throw light on many scientific developments of India. Presented here are a few such findings.
1. Wedge shaped stone blocks excavated from Dholavira site Dated: ~2600 BCE. The  Wedge shaped stone blocks were most likely used in circular structure may be lining walls of well or arched gate structure. 

2. A Terracotta fragment with fabric impression, Harappa.Remains of textile found at Mehrgarh dates back to 6th millenium BCE. By 4th millenium BCE India exported cotton to as far as Jordan as archaeological remains from Dhuweila (Jordan) suggest.

3. A "Sheffield of Ancient India: Chanhu-Daro's Metal Working Industry photos of copper knives, spears , razors, axes and dishes. Note the fluted vase (left, second row) is one of the finest metal work of ancient India. Published in The Illustrated London News (1936)

4. Stonemasonry work from Dholavira Dated: ~3-2 millenium BCE.  Note the  excellently cut and polished pieces of stone forming base of pillar. Fergusson…

Step-Wells of India

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A collection of Stepwells of India.
 1 Aerial photograph of Sun Temple, Modhera(Gujarat) Patron: King Bhimadeva Simply stunning geometrical precision! No wonder, Al-Beruni said, "Our people when they see them, wonder at them and are unable to describe them, much less to construct anything like them.”

 2 Amazing Kalyani (Temple tank) at Hulikere near Halebidu(Karnataka) Dated: ~12th century CE Note the details of aedicula. Fractal pattern is obvious. 
 3 Chand Baori stepwell, Abhaneri, Rajasthan Dated: ~9th Century CE The four sided 13 storied stepwell is over 100feet deep and lined with over 3500steps with an amazing geometrical precision. This stepwell is one of the largest stepwells, a magnificent device to store water.
 4 A large stepwell and temples, Bundi (Rajasthan) Anda (dome) surmounted by Kalasha forms the Shikhara of temple. It is known as Dabhai Kund. Currently filled with dogshit and garbage. It is maintained by ASI.
 5 Towards the western end there is a rudra kupa in whic…

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