"While contemplating the objects of the senses, a person develops attachment for them, and from such attachment lust develops, and from lust anger arises."
The verse has four parts and we shall
see them part by part.
1. WHILE CONTEMPLATING THE
OBJECTS OF SENSES (ध्यायतो विषयान्पुंसः).
Scriptures say our mind is always
engaged in these subjects- eating, sleeping, defending & sex and improving
their conditions. Mind always needs something or the other for engagement.
2. A PERSON DEVELOPS
ATTACHMENT FOR THEM.(संगस्तेषूपजायते )
Bg. Geeta talks of three Gunas or
three qualitative states of nature – Satv-gun, Rajo-Gun & Tamo-Gun. Satva-gun
is a state where a person performs pious actions which are free from sinful
reactions. Rajo-gun is a state where
person actively works for fruitive results and tries to achieve materialistic
goals aggressively. In Tamo-gun a person either performs abominable works
or remains in inertia.
* Bg. Geeta 14.7 says, "Understand that
Rajo-gun develops longings, greed and ATTACHMENT."
* While Bg.Geeta 2.62 says, "Contemplation leads to ATTACHMENT."
Considering both the statements we
have to understand that fuel generates fire, but, fuel generates fire only when
a spark from external source comes in contact. In the same way Rajo-gun
develops attachment, but it will not happen until the objects of sense
gratification are contemplated upon.
However when a person is established
in Satva-gun the contemplation on the same objects of gratification will not
lead to attachment. We may consider other meanings of the word ‘Attachment’. Attachment also means the following.
1.Meeting: By contemplation person
meets the objects in mind and enjoys pleasure in subtle way.
2.Becoming friend: Person develops
association and bonding and feels need of it.
3.Deep liking or affection: Person not only develops bond of friendship but
also deep liking and a goal to acquire it.
3. FROM ATTACHMENT LUST
DEVELOPS (संगात्संजायते कामः)
Thus sufficient contemplation on the objects of sense gratification will end in lust. Here ‘Kama’ or Lust means- a desire
to acquire that object.
Attachment and Lust
Attachment is a thought that the
object will give me pleasure but, desire to actually own it in practice is lust.
We can understand it by an example. When a dear in desert sees a mirage he
thinks that, "if I go near it I will quench my thirst." This is the platform of
attachment. But when it starts running towards the mirage it is the platform of
lust. At the level of attachment only the mind is the field of activity but,
the field of activity for lust are three – senses, mind and intelligence.
Bg. Geeta 3.40 says, “the senses, mind and
intelligence are the sitting places of this lust. Through them the lust covers
the real knowledge of the living entity and bewilders him."
Bhagwat Puran says, “Just as a
blazing fire cannot be extinguished by putting more butter or fuel but instead
becomes more vigorous, so also the fire of lust can never be doused by
satisfying it. It actually becomes stronger.”
4. LUST GENERATES ANGER (कामात्क्रोधोऽभिजायते)
Thus we see that desires never get
satisfied. Objects of sense gratification act like fuel in the fire of lust and
make it stronger. Even if unlimited objects of gratification are available the
senses have limited power of enjoying. The fire of lust transforms into fire of
Bg. Geeta 18.38 says, “That happiness
derived from contact of the senses with their objects and which appears like
nectar at first but, poison at the end is said to be of the nature of passion or
Anger is generated when person faces obstacles and barriers in the process of sense gratification.
1.Need of Controlled
·Uncontrolled lust gives rise to
·A Person who can control lust can
also control anger.
· Anger, which is less than bare minimum is also
·If parents do not become angry over
their children then the children get spoiled.
·Teacher’s anger over their pupils
makes them understand their mistakes.
2.Developing Satv-gun and reduce Rajo-gun
·Associating with people who are in
·Performing activities that are
beneficial to others and society.
3.Reducing attachment and
contemplation upon objects of sense gratification
·Contemplation on spiritual subjects offers a solution.
KNOW ABOUT ANGER AT A DIFFERENT LEVEL
·Bg. Geeta was spoken to generate
anger in Arjun.
·Shree Hanuman burned down Lanka and
killed many demons, this earned the pleasure of Shri Ram.
·Lord Krishna says, "I incarnate to
destroy the evil persons."
In these examples anger is not
generated by Rajo-gun or contemplation. These are examples of Nir-gun (non materialistic) anger. These can
also be called ‘spiritualised anger’. It is a different subject matter.